Zarif made the remarks during a meeting with UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon in New York on Thursday.
Zarif stated that the report runs contrary to the Iranian government’s "actual performance”.
In a new report, Ban accused Iran of restricting freedom of expression, discriminating against ethnic and religious minorities, and internet censorship, Reuters reported on September 12.
The Iranian foreign minister said that publishing such reports is a continuation of "double standards” on human rights issues.
Zarif also elaborated on Iran’s actions to maintain regional security and stability and its endeavor to improve relations with neighboring countries.
Zarif and Ban also exchanged views on the ongoing nuclear talks between Iran and the 5+1 group (the five permanent members of the UN Security Council plus Germany).
The foreign minister said Iran has entered nuclear talks with goodwill and determination, adding he is optimistic about achieving a final nuclear agreement.
"We believe that it is possible to achieve an agreement.”
Iran and the six major powers resumed talks in New York on September 18.
For his part, the UN secretary general said Iran can play a "constructive role” to help resolve regional problems.
Iran is an "important player” in the region, Ban added.