In the phone call which was made on Friday evening, the two leaders discussed the latest regional developments.
Most importantly, the two addressed current state of affairs in Iraq and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) atrocities in the region.
Rouhani stressed the need for regional leaders to cooperate in a fight against terrorism as a real threat to the neighbor countries.
"We all have to make continuous effort to prevent the bloodshed of Muslims, especially in the haram months which we are in,” the Iranian president stressed.
The Qatari emir for his own part urged efforts to revoke regional problems and stated that the issue of terrorism goes beyond sectarian concerns and all sides, from Shiite to Sunni, have to work to cope with it.