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News ID: 6259
Iran » Iran
Publish Date: 8:11 - 09 February 2015
The village of Abyaneh is associated with the multi-storey buildings made of red clay. However its residents in traditional costumes speaking in ancient Pahlavi language should not be underestimated as an attraction for those who visit the place.
Located in the foothill of Karkas Mountain near Natanz city in Isfahan Province, Abyaneh is one of the Iranian historical villages, which houses monuments from Sassanid Empire (224–654 CE).
 
The word Abyaneh has been derived from the word "viona”, which means the garden of weeping willow in ancient Pahlavi language. The village is registered on Iran’s National Heritage List in 1975.
 
Abyaneh: A glow of friendship between human and nature
 
The Sassanid-era Herpak Fire Temple, the Porzeleh Mosque dated back to Ilkanid era (1256-1335) and the Safavid-era Hajatgah Mosque, which was built 400 years ago, are amongst the tourist destination of the village.
 
The architectural characteristics
The town’s layout, which is irregular and labyrinthine and the buildings of undefined frames in red is the signs of human adaptation to nature.
 
The village is compact, with narrow and sloped lanes, and houses located on the slope as if built on a stairway.
 
In Abyaneh, the roof of one house may serve as the courtyard of other house.
 
As it is located in a valley with a narrow river, Abyane does not have a lot of agricultural land. The inhabitants tend to rear animals for a living. The hills and valleys surrounding the area are used as pasture lands in all seasons.
 
Traditional food and clothing
Abyaneh can be considered an entrance to the Persian history since the locals are deeply committed to their traditions.

Due to the location of village in a mountainous area, the inhabitants of Abyaneh have lived in isolation for centuries and in this way they preserved their ethnic and traditional customs.
 
The village is also well-known for rituals on Ashura, the anniversary of the martyrdom of the Imam Hussein (AS) and his companions on the tenth day of Muharram.
 
The women in Abyaneh typically wear a white long scarf with floral motifs, an under-knee skirt and pleated pants.
 
An Abyaneh woman is inseparably attached to her wedding gown inherited from her mother, and it is expected to pass it on to her daughter. It bears such an intrinsic value for them that she wouldn’t sell it at any price.

Men wear a felt hat, a long garment named "qaba”, loose canvas pants, and a pair of shoes called "giveh”.
 
Gipa, a stew cooked with mutton, is a local dish of the region, which is served on special occasions and feasts. Jovin, made with barley and Karvani, made with curd and fried onions, as well as Ardineh, made with local vegetables and yogurt are other cuisines, which are popular in the region.

As a result of an agreement between Abyaneh Research Center and the Research Center of the Iranian Cultural Heritage, Handicraft and Tourism Organization (RICTTHO) in June 2005, the village has been undergoing archaeological excavations for the first time.
 
Tehran Times
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