TEHRAN, Young Journalists Club (YJC) - Of those young people who said they wanted to emigrate - 31 percent - Germany was the most popular destination and favored by 16 percent of respondents.
Seven percent wanted to move to the United States and six percent to Spain.
Russia is currently basking in international attention as it hosts the soccer World Cup, however, the economy has been hit by Western sanctions over its reclamation of the Crimea region in Ukraine.
It has also quarreled with Western powers over its role in the war in Syria.
Across all age groups, the proportion who want to leave is one in 10, VTsIOM said.
That figure has varied between 10 and 13 percent since 2011.
The institute, considered close to the Kremlin, questioned 2,000 Russians for the survey.
Its head Stepan Lvov insisted the figures indicated young Russians' "growing openness to the outside world", rather than a desire to "flee the horrible reality of Russia".
More than 313,000 Russians left the country in 2016, according to the latest data from state statistics institute Rosstat.